How to trim an array with Numpy clip?

Let’s learn how to trim an array with Numpy clip function.
numpy trim array

Suppose we have an array:

[0.006, 2, 5, 8, 10, 25, 400]

Clipping an array

We would like to exclude extremum values. Numpy clip function allows us to exclude very low and high values.

Say, I don’t need values below 2 and above 25. Numpy clip function will change them to 2 and 25 instead.

import numpy as np

my_array = np.array([0, 2, 5, 8, 10, 25, 40])
trim_array = np.clip(my_array, 2, 25)

print(f"Trimmed array 2 - 25: \n {trim_array}")

As you may noticed the syntax of clip function is as follows: clip(my_array, min_value, max_value).

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Using parameters

It’s not necessary to specify both minimum and maximum values for clipping. You can use the None parameter to leave one of these bounds unchanged.

import numpy as np

my_array = np.array([0, 2, 5, 8, 10, 25, 40])
trim_array = np.clip(my_array, None, 25)

print(f"My array: \n {my_array}")
print(f"Trimmed array < 25: \n {trim_array}")

The output would be:

My array: 
 [ 0  2  5  8 10 25 40]
Trimmed array < 25: 
 [ 0  2  5  8 10 25 25]

You can also use predefined constants as parameters for the clip function to specify the clipping bounds.

import numpy as np

min_value = 1

my_array = np.array([0, 2, 5, 8, 10, 25, 40])
trim_array = np.clip(my_array, min_value, None)

print(f"My array: \n {my_array}")
print(f"Trimmed array > min_value: \n {trim_array}")

Here's an output where values are trimmed between min_value and max value is not defined.

My array: 
 [ 0  2  5  8 10 25 40]
Trimmed array > min_value: 
 [ 1  2  5  8 10 25 40]

As you can notice the values are trimmed. 0 is replaced by 1 and 40 is still present.

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These are the ways how you can remove outliers from your dataset.